Rhinitis treatment involves medications that reduce congestion, sneezing and itching. These medications can be in the form of oral tablets, nasal sprays or eyedrops. Your doctor will determine which medication is best for your symptoms and lifestyle.비염치료
Rhinitis is a very common condition that affects a large percentage of the population. The disease negatively impacts the quality of life, increases the risk of comorbidities and exerts a significant economic burden. Allergic rhinitis, in particular, can also lead to poor sleep quality, reduced productivity and impairment of work performance.
Symptoms of rhinitis include runny nose, sneezing, stuffy nose, itching and itchy throat or palate. The condition can be caused by a wide range of triggers, including allergens such as dust mites, pollen, animal hair and dander, mold, perfumes, cigarette smoke, chemical fumes (such as those found in some professions), and strong odors. Nonallergic causes of rhinitis can be caused by viruses, certain illnesses such as the flu or cold, and environmental factors such as barometric pressure changes and exposure to caustic chemicals.
Most people with rhinitis have allergic rhinitis, and some have both seasonal and perennial allergies. Seasonal allergy rhinitis is usually caused by airborne pollen, while perennial allergic rhinitis is more often triggered by indoor allergens such as dust mites and cockroaches, or by outdoor triggers like weeds and grass. Unlike hay fever, which is usually mild and goes away after the pollen season ends, the symptoms of persistent or severe allergic rhinitis can impact daily activities.
If the underlying cause of your rhinitis can be identified, you may be able to reduce or eliminate your symptoms by avoiding your triggers. If your symptoms are persistent and severe, your doctor may recommend a combination of pharmacological therapies, including oral antihistamines, intranasal corticosteroids or combination corticosteroid/antihistamine sprays and LTRAs. In cases where avoiding the trigger is not possible, immunotherapy, in which allergens are administered through the nose to build up tolerance to them, is an option for patients with allergic rhinitis.
Some medications that reduce allergic rhinitis are available over the counter in the United States, but others require a prescription. Some of the most effective medications are intranasal steroid sprays, which are used to control nasal congestion, sneezing and runny nose. A few of these steroid sprays are available as over-the-counter products in the US (such as Nasonex and Flonase), but most are available only by prescription. In addition, some allergy shots, in which small doses of allergen are given over a long period of time, can be helpful for treating allergies.라경찬한의원